Skin rasayana: the concept of anti-aging in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is one of the oldest medical traditions practiced in India, Sri Lanka and other South Asian countries and has a solid philosophical and experiential basis. Atharvaveda, Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are its main classics, with detailed descriptions of over 700 herbs. Ayurveda has different formulations for managing aging and related conditions. His literature describes over 200 herbs, minerals and fats to maintain and improve the health and beauty of the skin.
According to Ayurveda, a number of factors determine skin health and youth. These include the correct balance of moisture (Kapha in equilibrium), the effective functioning of the metabolic mechanisms that coordinate all the various chemical and hormonal reactions of the skin (Pitta in equilibrium) and the efficient circulation of blood and nutrients to the different layers of the skin (Vata in balance). In order for the skin to remain young, skin care products should be used that can nourish and rehydrate the skin, otherwise it may be subject to wrinkles and premature aging. In Ayurveda the concept of anti-aging is embodied in the rasayana. Tvagrasayana literally means ‘skin rasayana’, which refers to refined and powerful herbal formulas designed to prevent disease and skin aging.
Phyllanthus emblica (amalaki), a powerful antioxidant, rich in vitamin C, tannins and gallic acid, is the main anti-aging drug (vayasthaprana) or the best among rejuvenating herbs; has properties such as rasayana (adaptogen), ajara (usefulness in aging), ayushprada (prolongs the life of cells), sandhaniya (improves cell migration and cellular bonding) and kantikara (improves skin tone).

Datta, Hema Sharma, and Rangesh Paramesh. “Trends in aging and skin care: Ayurvedic concepts.”Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine 2 (2010): 110.

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